Roma Antiga

Blog sobre a Roma Antiga: história, cultura, usos e costumes.

quinta-feira, julho 29, 2004

Origens de Roma (III)

Qual a importância do monte Palatino?
Diz a narrativa que foram 12 aves a dar um bom presságio a Romulus na escolha deste local para edificar um burgo e aí ao irmão fratricida foi aclamado rei e fundou a cidade que levou, em sua memória, o nome de Roma.

O verdadeiro motivo para a primitiva ocupação humana local advém, tal como inúmeros outros assentamentos populacionais, do seu valor estratégico. O Palatino era uma verdadeira fortaleza natural, dominando a planície pantanosa do Tibre e o famoso vau da ilha Tiberina – o melhor ponto de travessia desta linha de água.
Este local situava-se na intersecção de duas importantes rotas: a via norte/sul que conectava as cidades gregas do sul da península itálica, com os povoados etruscos mais a norte; e um caminho de ligação entre o mar Tirreno e o mar Adriático, relacionado sobretudo com o comércio do sal e com as rotas de transumância para os pastos de Inverno na costa SO. As duas rotas entrecruzam-se exactamente nas proximidades da ilha tiberina, na passagem do rio Tibre.
Para além do Palatino, também a colina do Capitólio constituía uma fortificação natural de controlo desta encruzilhada estratégica de caminhos e gentes. As suas vertentes abruptas e arborizadas protegiam-na das cheias regulares do rio e das doenças que infestavam os pântanos. Não havia melhor sítio nas redondezas para fundar um povoado.
As escavações arqueológicas têm confirmado isto mesmo - o importante papel desempenhado pelo Palatino no nascimento de Roma, tendo-se descoberto aí inúmeros vestígios de cabanas e abrigos de pastores datáveis dos séculos VIII-VII a.C.

M.C.O.

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