Roma Antiga

Blog sobre a Roma Antiga: história, cultura, usos e costumes.

segunda-feira, abril 19, 2004

Às armas, às armas… (I)

O exército romano era formado pela cavalaria e pela infantaria, distinguindo-se os soldados respectivamente por lutarem a cavalo ou a pé.
Para além desta divisão, havia dois tipos distintos de soldados, os legionários que assim se chamavam porque incorporavam as legiões (pertenciam exclusivamente à infantaria) e os chamados de auxiliares, do latim auxilium (=ajuda), porque davam apoio ao exército romano.
Mas ambos legionários e auxiliares trabalhavam em equipa no campo de batalha. Os legionários eram sempre cidadãos romanos. A sua naturalidade e origem geográfica eram diversificadas, mas provinham das províncias menos civilizadas dos limites do território imperial. Quanto mais romanizada a região, menor contingente de legionários proporcionava. Uma província, logo que era conquistada fornecia tropas auxiliares, mais tarde com a romanização efectiva, passava a integrar indivíduos no exército como legionários, até que as províncias mais desenvolvidas deixavam de enviar contingentes, como era o caso da Itália e da Narbonne (Sul de França).

Não é fácil determinar com certeza absoluta o número de soldados dum exército.
Temos conhecimento, por exemplo, que Trajano contava com 30 legiões ao seu serviço:
Sabendo que cada legião tinha cerca de 5300 homens, isto dava um total de 159000 legionários.
A cavalaria auxiliar, por outro lado, contava com 80000 cavaleiros, mais 14000 soldados de infantaria auxiliar.
Se contarmos ainda com 10000 guardas do imperador e cerca de 11000 tropas contratadas e aliadas, o seu exército ascendia a cerca de 400000 homens.

Conseguimos facilmente imaginar as dificuldades de logística, para alimentar, vestir e pagar esta gente toda; e podemos tentar conceber os efeitos desta impressionante massa humana a deslocar-se por determinado território.

M.C.O.

20 Comments:

Anonymous Evan do carmo said...

olá quero parabenizar os autores deste blog, agradecer pelas informações aqui disponibilizadas, quero perguntar se posso fazer uso de tais como informações históricas, fededignas em um romance ambientado na roma antigo? obrigado. abraço. Evan do carmo escritor.

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Anonymous Anónimo said...

muito intressante!Adorei!!

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Anonymous Anónimo said...

Óh Evan do carmo , tuh manca.te men !!!!!!!
Marrão dji mierdááá´.|.

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Anonymous Anónimo said...

i love is´t to blog is horronor is out to be verbi e mais blabla nem sei que to falano mais parabens me fiserao tirar 10 no teste muito obrigada

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